Vehicle Transport Glossary of Terms

Air ride suspension: A type of suspension system that uses air springs instead of traditional metal springs to provide a smooth ride.

Auto carrier: A vehicle specifically designed to transport multiple vehicles.

Auto transport: The process of moving a vehicle from one location to another, often over long distances.

Auto transport carrier: A vehicle specifically designed to transport multiple vehicles.

Auto transport quote: An estimate of the cost to transport a vehicle.

Break bulk cargo: A type of cargo that is not packaged in containers or on pallets, and must be loaded and unloaded individually.

Bulk cargo: A type of cargo that is shipped in large quantities, such as grain or coal.

Bill of lading: A document that outlines the terms of a transportation agreement and serves as a receipt for the goods being shipped.

Broker: A company that arranges for the transportation of vehicles and acts as a go-between for shippers and carriers.

Brokerage: The act of acting as a broker and arranging for the transportation of goods.

Chassis: The frame of a vehicle, to which the wheels, engine, and other components are attached.

Container shipping: A type of shipping where goods are loaded into standardised containers for transport.

Car hauler: A trailer or truck used to transport cars.

Carrier: A company that transports goods, such as a trucking company.

Car shipping: The process of transporting a vehicle by truck, train, or ship.

Capacity: The maximum amount of goods that a car carrier can transport.

COD (cash on delivery): A payment option where the recipient pays the carrier when the goods are delivered.

Consignee: The person or company to whom goods are shipped.

Consignor: The person or company that ships the goods.

Customs broker: A person or company that helps with customs clearance and other paperwork required to import goods into a country.

Customs broker fee: The fee charged by a customs broker for their services.

Customs duties: Taxes that are levied on imported goods.

Customs clearance: The process of obtaining permission to bring goods into a country.

Customs declaration: A document that lists the goods being imported and their value.

Deadhead: A trip made by a truck without a load.

Delivery receipt: A document signed by the recipient to acknowledge receipt of the goods being shipped.

Delivery window: The time frame in which a shipment is expected to be delivered.

Dispatch: The act of sending a truck to pick up and deliver a load.

Door-to-door service: A car transportation service that picks up and delivers vehicles directly to and from the specified addresses.

Drop-off location: The location where a vehicle is delivered for transportation.

Enclosed transport: A type of car transportation where the vehicle is shipped in a fully enclosed trailer for added protection.

Estimated delivery date: The expected date that a shipment will be delivered.

Export: The act of sending goods to another country.

Export declaration: A document that lists the goods being exported and their value.

Flatbed: A type of truck with a flatbed trailer used to transport vehicles.

Flatbed trailer: A trailer with a flatbed that is used to transport goods.

Forklift: A machine with a platform and prongs used to lift and move goods.

Freight: The goods being transported on a car carrier.

Freight forwarder: A company that arranges for the transportation of goods and handles the paperwork required for shipping.

FTL (full truckload): A type of shipping where a carrier transports a full load of goods that fills an entire truck.

GPS (global positioning system): A satellite-based navigation system used to determine the location of a vehicle.

Hazmat (hazardous materials): Dangerous or hazardous materials that require special handling and transportation.

Hazmat endorsement: An endorsement on a commercial driver's license that allows the holder to transport hazardous materials.

Hitch: A device that connects a trailer to a vehicle.

Import: The act of bringing goods into a country.

Intermodal container: A standardised container that can be used for transportation by multiple modes, such as truck, rail, and ship.

In-transit storage: Storage of goods while they are being transported from one location to another.

Insurance coverage: Protection for vehicles and their contents during transportation.

Intermodal: A type of car transportation that involves using multiple modes of transportation, such as truck and rail.

Open transport: A type of car transportation where the vehicle is shipped on an open trailer and is exposed to the elements.

Lease: A contract in which a carrier agrees to provide transportation services to a shipper.

Live load: A load that is being picked up by a carrier while the driver waits.

Load: The vehicles being transported on a car carrier.

Load capacity: The maximum weight that a car carrier can transport.

Loading ramp: A ramp used to load and unload vehicles onto a car carrier.

Long haul: A car transportation route that covers a long distance, typically over 500 miles.

Logbook: A record of a truck driver's hours of service and other important information.

Lowboy: A type of trailer with a lower deck and a very low loading height, used to transport heavy equipment.

LCL (less than container load): A type of shipping where a carrier transports a small shipment that does not require a full container.

LTL (less than truckload): A type of shipping where a carrier transports a small shipment that does not require a full truckload.

Ocean shipping: A type of shipping that involves transporting goods by sea.

On-time delivery rate: The percentage of shipments that are delivered on time.

Origin: The location where a car transportation journey begins.

Overweight cargo: Cargo that exceeds the weight limit for a particular mode of transportation.

Pallet: A platform used to load and transport goods.

Pick-up location: The location where a vehicle is picked up for transportation.

POD (proof of delivery): A document that provides proof that a shipment was delivered.

Power of attorney: A legal document that gives someone the authority to act on behalf of another person.

Pallet jack: A device used to lift and move pallets.

Rate: The price charged for transporting goods.

Receiving dock: The area where goods are unloaded from a truck or trailer.

Relocation services: Services that assist with moving a vehicle to a new location.

Roadside assistance: A service that provides help to drivers in the event of a breakdown or other emergency while on the road.

Roll-on/roll-off (RO-RO): A type of shipping where vehicles are driven on and off a special vessel.

Routing: The route that a car carrier takes to transport vehicles.

Shipment tracking: The process of tracking the movement of a shipment in transit.

Shipper: A person or company that is shipping a vehicle.

Shipping quote: An estimate of the cost of transporting a vehicle.

Short haul: A car transportation route that covers a short distance, typically under 500 miles.

Tariff: A tax on imported goods.

Transit time: The time it takes for a shipment to be delivered.

Terminal: A location where vehicles are loaded onto or unloaded from a car carrier.

Tilt bed: A type of trailer with a tilting bed, used to load and unload vehicles.

Tractor trailer: A combination of a tractor unit and a trailer used to transport goods.

Trailer: A vehicle designed to be pulled by a truck or tractor, used to transport goods.

Transport insurance: Insurance coverage for vehicles during transportation.

Transport order: A document issued by a broker or shipper that specifies the details of a car transportation job.

Trucking company: A company that transports goods using trucks.

Truckload: A type of shipping where a carrier transports a full load of goods that fills an entire truck.

Truckload carrier: A carrier that transports full truckloads of goods.

Underride: A collision where a smaller vehicle strikes the underside of a larger vehicle.

Vehicle inspection report: A document that lists the condition of a vehicle at the time it is shipped.

Vehicle identification number (VIN): A unique 17-digit number that identifies a specific vehicle.

Vehicle transport: The process of moving a vehicle from one location to another, often over long distances.

Weight limit: The maximum weight that a car carrier can transport.